Carrie is a nurse midwife and Midwifery Program Director at the University of Illinois Chicago. She has been involved in midwifery education for over 25 years. She is a founding board member of Centering Healthcare Institute and was a CHI consultant in the US assisting healthcare systems to implement and sustain Centering groups. Dr Klima has practiced group antenatal care and has participated in group care research in the US and Africa. Her research team created the Pregnancy Related Empowerment Scale (PRES) which has been used internationally to measure women’s empowerment in group antenatal care.